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Territorial sphere: See list of countriesAn international trademark has effects in the countries belonging to the Madrid Agreement which have been designated in the application. Territorial extensions can be made to other countries not designated in the application.
Some countries are members of the Stockholm Act of the Madrid Agreement and others are members of the Madrid Protocol, and still others of both, for example Spain.
An application for an international trademark can be made on condition that there are one or more trademarks identical to this registered in the country or community of origin to distinguish all the products or services of this international trademark, according to the Stockholm Act, or one or more applications for an identical trademark made in the country or community of origin to distinguish all the products or services of this international trademark, according to the Madrid Protocol.
The international trademark has territorial effects, that is, separately in each of the territories designated, and the validity or effectiveness in one of these is independent of the validity or effectiveness in another.
Any national trademark can be covered by an international registration, but is subject to rejection if it does not meet the validity and registrability requisites set by each territory.
The duration of an International Trademark is ten years from the date of international registration. The effectiveness can be extended for similar periods by means of payment of the relevant renewal dues, for all or part of the countries in which this is registered.
An International Trademark is applied for to distinguish products or services of one or more classes of the Nice Classification.
PROCEDUREAfter making the prior search, which we recommend, an International Trademark application undergoes the following international registration process:
REQUISITESThe requisites for applying for the registration of an International trademark are as follows: